In 2010, as part of a 2008 commitment to the public the Government released, Water for Life: Nova Scotia's water resource management strategy (Government of Nova Scotia, 2010). As part of implementing its 10-year water strategy, which proposes action in four key areas (Integrated Water Management (IWM); Understand the quality and quantity of our water; Protect the quality and quantity of our water; and Engage in caring for our water) Nova Scotia is reviewing and renewing much of its water and wastewater policy.
The Drinking Water Strategy (2002) provides guidelines, but not standards, for drinking water protection in the province. Under the new Nova Scotia's water resource management strategy regulations are being reviewed.
First Nations communities are located on Federal Reserve land, which falls within Federal jurisdiction. Provincial drinking water legislation does not apply to these communities.
The integrated water management strategy Water for Life: Nova Scotia’s Water Resources Management Strategy (2010) includes a commitment to assess the current and future use of setbacks from fresh and coastal water resources. The strategy also includes long-term goals to evaluate regulation pertaining to land-use, such as by improving guidance for sediment control and protection of water quality from land development activities.